clickbait bibliography

http://www.clickhole.com/clickventure/youre-single-celled-organism-can-you-evolve-duck-3179#1,

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kon-Tiki_expedition

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apophenia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Face_on_Moon_South_Pole

Within the Western culture, people have said to have seen “the man in the moon.” Within the East Asian culture, people have seen a rabbit or hands. In addition, various people have seen different imagery such as a tree, a woman, or a toad.

Humans identify faces where there are none due to a Gestalt Principle called Law of Pragnanz. The Law of Pragnanz states that, “people will perceive and interpret ambiguous or complex images as the simplest form(s) possible.”[6] This means that because the craters and hills of the Moon resemble the shape of eyes and a mouth, the human brain condenses those images into a human face because of familiarity, which is another Gestalt Principle.

The face on the moon is very similar to the face on mars. During the Viking 1 Mission, craters on Mars’ surface caught the public’s eye as it formed an eerily realistic face. While the face on the moon is more inverted, the face on Mars is a three-dimensional mound resembling a human face. The face on Mars was discovered in 1976 but the face on the moon was discovered very recently in 2013. Also, the face on Mars was seen on the middle of the planet while the face on the Moon is on the southern part. The region where the Mars face is called Cydonia. There are also multiple other formations on Mars. There is a specific cluster of mountainous terrain that looks like a smiley face and a skull-like tableland. There is also a volcano that sports a lava flow indentation that strongly resembles Kermit the Frog from the Muppets. There seem to be landscape formations all around the world that remind the human mind of other common images. Some see the Cookie Monster in parts of Mercury and images resembling an eye in the Helix Nebula. On Mercury, you can see a very clear collection of craters that form Mickey Mouse.

bill t jones: and she was an expert on african american music. and she told me after seeing james brown, that he would never be satisfied. that it wasn’t the same as what came before. that he was never going to get enough adoration.

leibniz via james charleton: why didn’t god create the world the day before he did?

b. russell via mark roth: there is no sufficient argument to prove that the world didn’t start existing 5 seconds ago, with memories.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unschooling

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reality

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Other

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thor_Heyerdahl

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Language-game_(philosophy)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Method_of_loci

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans-cultural_diffusion

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Private_language_argument

http://thephilosophicalsalon.com/the-cia-reads-french-theory-on-the-intellectual-labor-of-dismantling-the-cultural-left/

http://www.orbooks.com/catalog/finks-by-joel-whitney/

this is very james charelton: https://creators.vice.com/en_us/article/meet-the-artist-using-ritual-magic-to-trap-self-driving-cars

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norte,_the_End_of_History

http://www.artspace.com/magazine/interviews_features/art-bytes/ian-cheng-interview-54128

http://www.desertsun.com/story/desert-outlook/2017/03/02/the-joshua-treenial-cofounder-curator-bernard-leibov/98642298/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Discoverers

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H%C3%A9l%C3%A8ne_Cixous

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noise_(electronics)

This brings us back to Wittgenstein’s reliance on indirect communication, and his reliance on thought-experiments. Some philosophical confusions come about because we aren’t able to see family resemblances. We’ve made a mistake in understanding the vague and intuitive rules that language uses, and have thereby tied ourselves up in philosophical knots. He suggests that an attempt to untangle these knots requires more than simple deductive arguments pointing out the problems with some particular position. Instead, Wittgenstein’s larger goal is to try to divert us from our philosophical problems long enough to become aware of our intuitive ability to see the family resemblances.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_Falls

The differences relate to many details, but the crucial difference is in a fundamentally different understanding of the task of philosophy. Wittgenstein believed that the task of philosophy was to clean up linguistic mistakes. Russell was ultimately concerned with establishing sound epistemological foundations. Epistemological questions such as how practical knowledge is possible did not interest Wittgenstein. Wittgenstein investigated the “limits of the world” and later on meaning. For Wittgenstein, metaphysics and ethics were nonsensical, though he did not mean to devalue their importance in life by describing them in this way. Russell, on the other hand, believed that these subjects, particularly ethics, though belonging not to philosophy nor science and of possessing an inferior epistemological foundation, were of certain interest.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kon-Tiki_(1950_film)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/On_Denoting

He then criticises Meinong’s theory of objects which, according to Russell, is ontologically promiscuous and self-contradictory. Both of these criticisms stem from Meinong’s theory that there is an object, whether it exists or subsists, for every set of properties. Therefore, there is an object that is both round and not round, or round and square. Russell argues that Meinong’s theory entails conclusions such as “the present King of France” both exists and does not exist. However, Meinong does not attribute existence (or any other sort of being) to non-existent objects. Russell also accuses Meinong of violating the law of non-contradiction by asserting that the “round square” is both round and not round. Meinong, on the other hand, maintains that the laws of logic do not apply to such phenomena as “impossible” objects that have no being.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vienna_Circle

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memory_of_the_World_Programme

[P]eople the world over are creating [memories] in forms that are less and less permanent—be it sound recordings, film, videotape, newsprint, photographs, or computer-based documents. It must be said that the output of the present century alone is probably greater than the total output of all previous centuries put together; and ironically and tragically, it is being lost faster than ever before. It is a tragedy indeed, for what is at stake is the recorded memory of mankind.    ”
— Dato’ Habibah Zon

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toyotomi_Hideyoshi#Cultural_legacy

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tokelau

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Background_radiation

Some of the essential elements that make up the human body, mainly potassium and carbon, have radioactive isotopes that add significantly to our background radiation dose. An average human contains about 30 milligrams of potassium-40 (40K) and about 10 nanograms (10−8 g) of carbon-14 (14C),[citation needed] which has a decay half-life of 5,730 years. Excluding internal contamination by external radioactive material, the largest component of internal radiation exposure from biologically functional components of the human body is from potassium-40. The decay of about 4,000 nuclei of 40K per second[14] makes potassium the largest source of radiation in terms of number of decaying atoms. The energy of beta particles produced by 40K is also about 10 times that from the beta particles from 14C decay. 14C is present in the human body at a level of 3700 Bq with a biological half-life of 40 days.[15] There are about 1,200 beta particles per second produced by the decay of 14C. However, a 14C atom is in the genetic information of about half the cells, while potassium is not a component of DNA. The decay of a 14C atom inside DNA in one person happens about 50 times per second, changing a carbon atom to one of nitrogen.[16] The global average internal dose from radionuclides other than radon and its decay products is 0.29 mSv/a, of which 0.17 mSv/a comes from 40K, 0.12 mSv/a comes from the uranium and thorium series, and 12 μSv/a comes from 14C.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana_equivalent_dose

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cocos_(Keeling)_Islands

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bouvet_Island

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saxifraga_oppositifolia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vortex_shedding

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Ben_(Heard_Island)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massif

In geology, a massif (pronunciation: /mæˈsiːf/ or /ˈmæsɪf/) is a section of a planet’s crust that is demarcated by faults or flexures. In the movement of the crust, a massif tends to retain its internal structure while being displaced as a whole. The term is also used to refer to a group of mountains formed by such a structure.
In mountaineering and climbing literature, a massif is frequently used to denote the main mass of an individual mountain. The massif is a smaller structural unit of the crust than a tectonic plate and is considered the fourth largest driving force in geomorphology.[1]
The word is taken from French (in which the word also means “massive”), where it is used to refer to a large mountain mass or compact group of connected mountains forming an independent portion of a range. One of the most notable European examples of a massif is the Massif Central of the Auvergne region of France.
The Face on Mars is an example of an extraterrestrial massif.[2]
Massifs may also form underwater such as with the Atlantis Massif.[3]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merzbow

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merzbeat

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Granular_synthesis

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Age_of_Sail

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reconquista

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antifreeze_protein

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurora_Australis_(book)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adequality

Henk J. M. Bos describes it as the principle to the effect that in a sum involving infinitesimals of different orders, only the lowest-order term must be retained, and the remainder discarded.[1] Thus, if {\displaystyle a} a is finite and {\displaystyle dx} dx is infinitesimal, then one sets
{\displaystyle a+dx=a.} {\displaystyle a+dx=a.}
Similarly,
{\displaystyle u\,dv+v\,du+du\,dv=u\,dv+v\,du,} u\,dv+v\,du+du\,dv=u\,dv+v\,du,
where the higher-order term du dv is discarded in accordance with the TLH. A recent study argues that Leibniz’s TLH was a precursor of the standard part function over the hyperreals.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperreal_number

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norte,_the_End_of_History

Aurora Australis was the “first book ever written, printed, illustrated and bound in the Antarctic”.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Byrd_Land

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merzbow

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motu_Nui

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_Island

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Maud_Land

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troll_(research_station)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nimrod_Expedition

Winter 1908
The expedition’s hut, a prefabricated structure measuring 33 x 19 feet (10m x 5.8m), was ready for occupation by the end of February. It was divided into a series of mainly two-person cubicles, with a kitchen area, a darkroom, storage and laboratory space. The ponies were housed in stalls built on the most sheltered side of the hut, while the dog kennels were placed close to the porch.[45] Shackleton’s inclusive leadership style, in contrast to that of Scott, meant no demarcation between upper and lower decks—all lived, worked and ate together. Morale was high; as assistant geologist Philip Brocklehurst recorded, Shackleton “had a faculty for treating each member of the expedition as though he were valuable to it”.

In the ensuing months of winter darkness Joyce and Wild printed around 30 copies of the expedition’s book, Aurora Australis, which were sewn and bound using packaging materials.[47] The most important winter’s work, however, was preparing for the following season’s major journeys, which were to include attempts on both the South Pole and the South Magnetic Pole. By making his base in McMurdo Sound Shackleton had been able to reinstate the Magnetic Pole as an expedition objective. Shackleton himself would be leading the South Pole journey, which had suffered a serious setback during the winter when four of the remaining ponies died, mainly from eating volcanic sand for its salt content.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boustrophedon

https://aeon.co/essays/materialism-alone-cannot-explain-the-riddle-of-consciousness

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eug%C3%A8ne_Eyraud

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rongorongo

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pitcairn_Islands

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mangareva

https://splice.com/sounds/class-a-samples/iq-samples-813-hypercolor-bass

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Blind_Sunflowers_(film)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Makemake_(deity)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paschalococos

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jubaea

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blancanieves

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belle_%C3%89poque_(film)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lovers_(1991_film)

http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-39296625

http://www.sciencealert.com/physicists-find-as-clocks-get-more-precise-time-gets-more-fuzzy

http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/2231295-a-resurgence-of-art/

https://www.theguardian.com/hawaii-for-foodies/ng-interactive/2017/mar/08/poke-shaved-ice-plate-lunch-malasada-saiman

https://www.theguardian.com/hawaii-for-foodies/ng-interactive/2017/mar/08/poke-shaved-ice-plate-lunch-malasada-saiman

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principles_of_grouping

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestalt_psychology

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Face_on_Moon_South_Pole

https://comingsoon-tech.com/conduit-sports-dynamic-in-ear-off-ear-headphones

layers on an unnamed crater wall

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dasein

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Other

unconventional, inessential pedagogy.

Elephant seals are among the seals that can stay on land for the longest periods of time, as they can stay dry for several consecutive weeks each year. Males arrive in the colonies earlier than the females and fight for control of harems when they arrive.[18] Large body size confers advantages in fighting and the agonistic relationships of the bulls gives rise to a dominance hierarchy with access to harems and activity within harems, being determined by rank.[19] The dominant bulls (“harem masters”) establish harems of several dozen females. The least successful males have no harems, but may try to copulate with a harem male’s females when the male is not looking. The majority of primiparous females and a significant proportion of multiparous females mate at sea with roaming males away from harems.

They are the deepest diving air-breathing non-cetaceans and have been recorded at a maximum of 2,133 m (6,998 ft) in depth.[23]

http://www.sciencealert.com/physicists-find-as-clocks-get-more-precise-time-gets-more-fuzzy

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cydonia_(region_of_Mars)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massif

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Demon-Haunted_World

In the ensuing months of winter darkness Joyce and Wild printed around 30 copies of the expedition’s book, Aurora Australis, which were sewn and bound using packaging materials.[47] The most important winter’s work, however, was preparing for the following season’s major journeys, which were to include attempts on both the South Pole and the South Magnetic Pole. By making his base in McMurdo Sound Shackleton had been able to reinstate the Magnetic Pole as an expedition objective. Shackleton himself would be leading the South Pole journey, which had suffered a serious setback during the winter when four of the remaining ponies died, mainly from eating volcanic sand for its salt content.

The expedition’s hut, a prefabricated structure measuring 33 x 19 feet (10m x 5.8m), was ready for occupation by the end of February. It was divided into a series of mainly two-person cubicles, with a kitchen area, a darkroom, storage and laboratory space. The ponies were housed in stalls built on the most sheltered side of the hut, while the dog kennels were placed close to the porch.[45] Shackleton’s inclusive leadership style, in contrast to that of Scott, meant no demarcation between upper and lower decks—all lived, worked and ate together. Morale was high; as assistant geologist Philip Brocklehurst recorded, Shackleton “had a faculty for treating each member of the expedition as though he were valuable to it”.

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2083706-my-minds-eye-is-blind-so-whats-going-on-in-my-brain/

less wrong

https://intelligence.org/rationality-ai-zombies/

http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/bitwise/2014/07/roko_s_basilisk_the_most_terrifying_thought_experiment_of_all_time.html

demand blind self-portraits be drawn with charcoal.

may sketch out set theory while teaching on computational phenomenology and love.

work through the problem visually

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Complex_volcano

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_heritage_of_mankind

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%C3%A1rm%C3%A1n_vortex_street

Archaeology of the Frivolous is an experiment in radical pedagogy & cultural production.

The expression remojar el cochayuyo (lit. to soak the cochayuyo) is used in Chilean Spanish to refer to sexual intercourse.[7] The expression derives from the fact that this algae, that is harvested along Chile’s coast, is preserved by being sun-dried and to prepare it then in a dish it needs to be softened up by being soaked in water.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_drop_effect

parallax

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luminiferous_aether

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terra_nullius#Pinnacle_Islands_.28Senkaku.2FDiaoyu.29

occupy these spaces.

comments on a tectonic news article:

Despite being absolutely huge, ridges don’t stay fixed in place, with time sections of the ridge ‘jump’ hundreds or even thousands of kilometres to one side or the other. These ‘ridge jumps’ (who said geologists are unimaginative?) aren’t well understood, but seem to be related to hotspots under the ocean with ridges moving closer to the hotspots with time.

At the same time, as the ocean floor ages, it cools and becomes denser, eventually reaching a point where it is denser than the underlying Mantle and begins to subduct. So the edges of the ocean become lined with subduction zones with the fastest subduction occurring where the ocean floor is oldest. This is what’s happening in the Pacific right now.

It can all result in hugely complex ocean floors – with an active ridge that has just jumped creating lots of new crust, an older dying ridge gradually fading away and one or more rows of subduction zones consuming ocean floor, some of which can have their own miniature ridges behind the subduction zone creating even more crust.

If you want to see just how complex it can all get, check out the ocean floor north of Australia and east of the Philippines and try to work out what craziness is going on!

It’s more that the age of the ocean (floor) depends upon its position relative to the ridge. The ridge is a chain of volcanoes erupting new, young crust and pushing the older crust (that formed there earlier) further and further away over time. As it cools, it contracts and sinks, so the hottest part is also the highest part (i.e. the ridge). The vast, vast majority of volcanic activity on Earth occurs under the ocean.

The ripples are actually massive faults running nearly perpendicular to the Mid Atlantic Ridges that geologists call ‘transform faults’ dividing relatively short, relatively straight sections of the ridge from one another. Between the two ridge segments, the sides of the fault move in opposite directions, so they generate lots of shallow earthquakes in the oceans. They can be found in most of the oceans, including a spectacular line of them in the East Pacific as the spreading margin dives towards North America, but the Atlantic is particularly good because, as a young ocean, the ridge is still close to the middle of the ocean.

Where the faults are especially prominent such as in the areas of the Atlantic around St. Paul, Romanche and Ascension Island, they are called ‘fracture zones’.

And (now I explain their appearance), because the hot Mantle is pushing up the centre of the ridge, it is much higher than the ridge flanks. So where faults offset ridge sections by tens, if not hundreds of kilometres, the faults themselves can be marked by massive changes in depth between neighbouring sections – cliffs much larger than anything on the surface – and we’ve never seen them. For geologists this would be paradise because it would allow them to see sections through very young ocean crust and into the uppermost Mantle.

http://filmmakermagazine.com/1501-the-european-graduate-school/#.WMuckBIrLXH

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